Principles of Interior Design

Shhh! I'm going to reveal the secrets of immaculate home design. They're not exactly hidden. In fact, they are covered in every interior design Programme. They're known as the seven interior design principles. All well-designed interior spaces have a combination of these fundamental elements.

If you apply each of the concepts into your home's design plan, you may produce a beautiful interior that rivals professionals. Let's get started!

1. Unity

To connect all interior areas, unity, continuity, and harmony are required. Using different designs across a home creates visual pauses as you go from one place to another. Each of your interior rooms should complement one another to form a cohesive whole.

To unify your décor concept, use comparable design components. Painting each room a distinct hue, for example, might be distracting. However, if you choose a restricted palette of complementary colors to unite the areas, you will generate visual flow and harmony.

2. Balance

The right arrangement of elements in a room to produce visual balance is referred to as balance in interior design.

There are three methods for achieving balance in a room:

Symmetrical balance: The most popular method of achieving visual balance. Place one large thing in the center (such as a painting) and matched objects on either side of the mirror to create symmetrical balance on a mantel. This is a simple example, yet it shows great balance.

 Asymmetrical balance: This balance will result in a more relaxed atmosphere. Let's go back to the mantel example. Instead of matching candlesticks, you might use contrasting objects with comparable size to keep the visual weight evenly distributed. Asymmetry, while more difficult to execute, will give your space a more casual appearance.

 Radial balance: Objects arranged around and radiating from a bigger core item. A table in the middle of a dining room is the most common illustration of radial balance. The arrangement of seats and other furniture in the room is centered around the table, which serves as the space's main point.

 3. Rhythm

The rhythms of music and interior design are comparable in nature. Consider the repeating design components of a space and the rhythmic beat of a song. Your foot taps to the beat, and your gaze moves about the space taking in the design details. Color, shape, scale, texture, or pattern may add a feeling of rhythm and movement to your spaces through repetition, progression, and transition.

There are three types of rhythms to watch for

  •   Repetition: This kind is simple to execute; simply use a gentle hand. Using orange touches across a space can accomplish the trick. However, excessive repetition in a room may be as irritating as listening to the same techno tune every day!

  • Progression: This is accomplished by using a collection of similar items of varying sizes. A collection of little to giant seashells, candles, or pumpkins are all instances of development.

  • Transition: This type is more difficult to define. It aids in gradually and smoothly guiding the eye from one item or place to another. The most popular transitional tools in interior design are arched entryway, windows, and curvy furniture.

4. Scale and Proportion

Have you ever been in a huge room where the furniture is dwarfed by the environment, or a tiny room where the furniture dominates? If so, you recognize the significance of scale. The magnitude of items inside a place is referred to as scale.

Proportion, on the other hand, refers to the relationship between the size of one thing and the size of another. For example, suppose you had a huge, overstuffed chair and a little side table next to it. The things' dimensions are all off. A delicate slipper chair with a side table is far more visually appealing.

 5. Contrast

Color, shape, and utilization of space are all examples of contrast in a room. As with repetition, a little variance goes a long way.

Color is one of my favourite ways to provide contrast. Nothing has the same visual effect as employing black and white in a room.

Forms, such as a giant round mirror over a sofa, a round side table, and two square ottomans utilized as coffee tables, are another excellent method to enhance contrast. This creates a contrast between circles and squares.

Contrast also enhance positive and negative space in a room. In addition to areas of positive visual activity, you should incorporate parts of empty (negative) space to create a volume contrast. Keep this in mind while organizing the contents of a room.

6. Details

Interior design details extend well beyond the furnishings in a space. Consider the details to be cake decorations. They are the little, subtle details that may make a big difference in a room. Trim on a cushion, a crystal lamp finial or ornamental switch plate, and outlet covers provide small touches of flair to your house that complete your design plan!

 7. Emphasis

We're all familiar with the concept of emphasis. It simply implies that every room or place has a focal point, whether architectural or object-based. The most popular architectural focal point is a fireplace. A huge piece of furniture or oversized artwork may also serve as a focal point in a space.

Color, texture, and shape are employed in interior design to draw attention to a focal point. You employed color and texture to generate focus by refacing your fireplace with bronze glass tiles.

 If you want these seven principles of Interior design apply in to your home design and your home looks beautiful you can contact Nilesh Bansal is leading an interior designer and architect In Noida cum a writer and consultant specializing in interior designing. She has approximately 12+ years’ experience in interior designing and architects.