Aug 19, 2021
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Title: A Tale of Two Cities
A Story of the French Revolution
Author: Charles Dickens
Reading Reference: Gutenberg eBook
Audio file: A Tale of Two Cities CHAPTER 1-2
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★★★Internet search Report
Crime and Punishment, The Brothers Karamazov, Demons, The Idiot--the complex and prolific Dostoyevsky (1821-81) is liable for a number of our greatest literary works and most fascinating characters. They were praised by the likes of Hemingway, Joyce, and Woolf. Critics also acknowledge him to be a preeminent writer of psychological fiction and a precursor of twentieth-century existentialism. Set within nineteenth-century Russia's troubled political and social world, Dostoevsky's stories were shaped by the tremendous suffering and difficult life the author himself experienced. Robert Bird explores these influences during this new biography of the prominent Russian author.
Bird traces Dostoevsky's path from his harsh childhood through his years as a political revolutionary and eventually developing into a writer who fought his battles through the printed word. Delving into Dostoevsky's youth, Bird reveals his struggles with epilepsy and his despotic treatment at the hands of his father, a doctor at the Mariinsky Hospital for the Poor in Moscow. Bird tells how Dostoevsky, who championed the downtrodden throughout his career, first contacted the poor and oppressed through the hospital. He then outlines the years after Dostoevsky's arrest and near-execution for being a member of an underground liberal intellectual group in 1849, detailing his subsequent exile with hard labor in Siberia and compulsory service within the army. As Bird illuminates how these grueling experiences contributed to novels like Notes from the Underground, he also describes how they instilled within the author a look for social justice and go after form that spurred his literary achievements. A desirable check out this significant writer, Dostoyevsky, will pique the interest of any lover of literature.
★★★Internet search Report
A Tale of Two Cities is a long historical novel written by English writer Charles Dickens against the backdrop of the French Revolution.
A Tale of Two Cities is one of Dickens' most important masterpieces. Long before he wrote A Tale of Two Cities, Dickens had been deeply concerned with the French Revolution and had repeatedly studied English historian Carlyle's History of the French Revolution and other scholars' works on the subject. At the end of 1854, he said, "I believe that discontent smoldering like this is much worse than fire and that it is especially as the public psychology of France before the first revolution, which was in danger, because of a thousand causes DD such as bad harvests, the arbitrariness and incompetence of the aristocracy, and the fact that the public was already nervous. The last tightening of the already tense situation, the loss of the war abroad, the occasional events at home, and so on, turned DD into a terrible fire that had never been seen before." At the same time, through the extreme depiction of revolutionary horrors, it also warns the resentful people who want to resist tyranny with violence and imagines finding a way out for the British status quo with deepening social conflicts.
From this aim, the novel profoundly exposes the deeply intensified social contradictions before the French Revolution strongly criticizes the despicable brutality of the aristocracy, and deeply sympathizes with the sufferings of the lower classes. The work pointed out sharply that there was a limit to the people's patience and that under the brutal rule of the aristocracy, the people were forced to resist to survive. This resistance is righteous. The novel also depicts spectacular scenes such as the attack on the Bastille by the insurgent people, showing the incredible power of the people. However, the author stands in the position of bourgeois humanism; that is, he opposes the tyranny of the brutally oppressed people and the violence of the revolutionary people against the dictatorship. In Dickens's novel, the revolution is portrayed as a great catastrophe that destroys everything, mercilessly punishing the guilty aristocracy and blindly killing innocent people.
Three types of characters are portrayed in this novel. One is the feudal aristocracy, represented by the Marquis of Euphremundi and his brothers, whose "only unshakeable philosophy is oppression" and the target of the author's severe lashings. The other group is the revolutionary masses, such as the Devashees. It is important to note that their image is distorted. She was born in a peasant family that was humiliated and persecuted, and she had a deep hatred for the feudal aristocracy. The author deeply sympathized with her tragedy and praised her strong character, superior intelligence, and extraordinary organizational leadership before and after the revolution. Especially when she goes to the doctor's house to search for Lucy and little Lucy, she is shown as a bloodthirsty maniac. In the end, the author lets her die at the point of her gun, clearly expressing the attitude of denial. The third category is the idealized characters, who are the author's role models for solving social conflicts with humanism and overcoming hatred with fraternity, including the Meet father and daughter, Delna, Laure, and Calden. Dr. Menet, whose family was ruined by the Marquis brothers, has a deep hatred for the Marquis brothers, but for the sake of his daughter's love, he can discard his old hatred; Dairner, the son and nephew of the Marquis brothers, comes to his senses, condemns his family's sins, gives up his title and property, and is determined to "redeem" himself by his actions. This pair of figures reflect each other: one is a victim of aristocratic tyranny and is tolerant; the other is the heir of a noble marquis and advocates benevolence. Among them, there is also Lucy as daughter and wife. Under the bond of love, they form a happy family with mutual understanding and affection. This is an unrealistic way to solve social conflicts, which is the opposite of violent revolution.
A Tale of Two Cities differs from ordinary historical fiction in that its characters and main plot are fictional. Against the broad background of the French Revolution, the author uses the experience of the fictional character Dr. Menet as the main thread, interweaving three separate but interrelated stories of injustice, love, and revenge with an intricate and complicated plot. The author adopts the techniques of backward narration, interpolation, ambiguity, and padding to make the novel complete and tightly structured. The story is twisted and tense, and dramatic, showing excellent artistic skills. The style of A Tale of Two Cities is solemn, sad, and full of anger, but it lacks the humor of the earlier works.
★★★Internet search Report
I was touched by it. It is a glorious history; it is a touching story; it is pure and noble love. It is Dickens's "A Tale of Two Cities." The book is full of confusing colors, and the author uses a series of fascinating stories as the framework, with the French Revolution in the 18th century as the background. In the dark capitalist society, the peasants and the working class endured the ruthless exploitation of the bourgeoisie. As the author says: "Prosperous yet declining, honest yet suspicious, bright yet dark, this is the dawn of sunshine and hope and the long night of gloom and disappointment, when people have everything but are empty-handed." The sincere emotions between the main characters Sidney Carleton, Lucy Magnet, and Charles Darnay are the highlights of this masterpiece.
In the novel, Dickens succeeded in creating distinct personalities of the main characters. Bennett is a father who loves his daughter so much that he forgivingly marries her to the son of his enemy after her ordeal; Lucy is a gentle and kind wife and mother who stands across the wall for two hours every day in the rain and wind so that her husband can look at her; Charles is an upright and open-minded nobleman who is in love with Lucy and is willing to give up his title and fortune for the sake of love.
There is another character in the novel, which is a bit repulsive, Terez de Varej. The only meaning of her life is to avenge the death of her loved ones when the revolution is won.
The only meaning of her life is to avenge her loved ones when the revolution is won. But when the circle is won, the revenge she has dreamed of for so many years is lost, and her anger is as deep as one can imagine.
However, to vent her anger, she took the son of the Marquis and his family to atone for the crime, so she took the same cruel path as the pseudo-aristocrats.
The story of the story is that the first woman born in the city of San Francisco is the story of the first woman to be held in San Francisco. In the end, evil has its retribution, and she dramatically ends her hate-filled life when her pistol goes off.
She dramatically ends her hate-filled life when her handgun goes off. Perhaps this is the best way to end her life. Those who live their lives with the sole purpose of revenge, like Devaraj, areEven if they have a hard life, they can never win sympathy.
And in the whole novel, the one I like most is also the most touching is the paralegal - Sidney Carlton. He appeared with low, hidden light, always discouraged, disappointed, indifferent, bleak. He compromised in the surrounding environment, but sometimes it seems to be out of place; as a paralegal, he is talented but willing to hide behind people, to do others success stepping stones, he looks to have built a wall, isolated from the fame, society, silently stay in the corner. He and Charles look very similar and also love Lucy, but their fates are very different. He envies Charles but also hates him. But after the painful ordeal, he still brings his sincere wishes for Lucy and Charles to be happy forever because "love is much more powerful than hate." This lazy, indulgent "useless man," but in his heart, is noble and pure.
Finally, he expressed his feelings to Lucy. Every time I read that passage, I inevitably feel heartbroken, "I hope you know that you are the last dream of my soul. It saw you and your father and the sweet home you run amid my fallen life that restored the dreams of the past that I thought were dead in my heart. That's why I feel more miserable than ever. Since I saw you, I have been troubled by a remorse that I thought would never condemn me again. I hear the voice of the past, which I thought had been silenced forever, quietly urging me on."
When Charles was innocently sentenced to death for his family's crimes, Sidney went to the guillotine in his place to be executed. In between life and love, he chose the latter. He loved Lucy, for her happiness, he gave his life for her lover. When he went to the guillotine, the face still maintained a smile; he kept his promise to Lucy. Because his love is his life, at this moment, my mind remembered the poem of Petofi: "I would be the rapids / of the mountain stream / on the rugged road / of the rocks passing / as long as my love is a small fish/swimming happily in my waves."
Although the novel ends with an unexpected "happy ending," the reader feels infinite regret and heartache when he finishes the book with tears in his eyes. Some people say that love is selfish, but in Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities, I can deeply feel a kind of purest and most noble love that is beyond the world. It is hidden deep inside but incomparably deep; it suffers in silence, only to make the beloved happy; it always gives selflessly, without asking for a bit of return. This kind of love rises to a new level in the invisible, eternally putting on a poignant and charming glow.
"I would do anything for you, for anyone you love. If there is a possibility or opportunity in my life that is worth sacrificing, I would willingly sacrifice it for you and for the people you love."