in 1665, when London was being ravaged by the plague, one small Derbyshire village received a parcel from London. Unknown to them, the parcel contained the plague and devastated the village. The villagers selflessly quarantined the whole village to stop the plague from spreading through the country.

https://discover.hubpages.com/education/Lockdown-How-one-British-village-Eyam-over-350-years-ago-perfected-the-art-of-quarantining-and-social-distancing