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Understand how the negotiation on the nuclear agreement with Iran works.

The expectation of negotiators is that there will be "the reversal of Iran's nuclear activities, which have intensified.

Held a day after the victory of ultraconservative Ebrahim Raisi for the Iranian presidency, the sixth round of negotiations between representatives of Iran and world powers in an attempt to save the nuclear deal ended without definition. According to Enrique Mora, a high-ranking European Union diplomat who chairs the meetings, the group is “closer” to reaching a consensus. “But we are not there yet”, he declared yesterday, after the meeting in Vienna.

The meeting is part of regular discussions, which began in April, with the aim of bringing the United States back to the historic 2015 agreement and for Iran to once again comply with the limits of its nuclear program. In 2018, then-US President Donald Trump withdrew from the pact and re-imposed sanctions against Iran, which intensified its nuclear activities from 2019. The parties to the agreement — United Kingdom, China, Germany, France, Russia and Iran — have been meeting, with indirect participation from the United States, to save him.

The next round of negotiations did not have the date disclosed. According to Enrique Mora, the expectation is that there will be "a reversal of Iran's nuclear activities, which have intensified." Ahead of yesterday's meeting, Iran's envoy for negotiations, Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi, said negotiators are "closer than ever to an agreement." “But it is not easy to reduce the distance that separates us,” he told Iranian state television. “At this stage, it is clear which areas, which actions are possible and which are not. So it's time for all parties, especially our counterparts, to make their final decision,” he added.

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new president

Enrique Mora is also betting that, at the next meeting, the participants will have “a clearer idea of ​​the new Iranian political environment”, referring to the choice of the ultra-conservative Ebrahim Raisi for the presidency of the country. According to Jake Sullivan, national security adviser to US President Joe Biden, the outcome of the election will not affect the course of negotiations. That's because Iran's supreme guide, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, will be the one to decide the future of the nuclear deal. "The final decision on whether (Iran) will return to the deal depends on the supreme leader," Sullivan said in an interview with ABC.

The assessment is the same as that of negotiators. Although he belongs to a political current characterized by rejection of the United States and the West, Raisi reiterated, during the election campaign, that the priority - as established by Khamenei - is to lift the US sanctions imposed by former president Trump. The cleric will succeed moderate Hasan Rohani in August and inherit a country immersed in a serious economic crisis as a result of measures taken by Washington.

Afghan president to visit the US

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and the main government negotiator in talks with the Taliban, Abdullah Abdullah, will visit the White House this Friday. The meeting, according to Joe Biden spokesperson Jen Psaki, "will highlight the enduring partnership between the United States and Afghanistan as military withdrawal continues." Washington plans to withdraw all its forces from the Asian country by September 11th. The operations were more than 50% complete, but there are still points of tension, especially regarding the fate of some 18,000 Afghans who worked with US forces, such as some interpreters. They hope to obtain US immigration visas, fearing retaliation should the Taliban return to power. The Biden government, however, does not consider it necessary to evacuate these personnel now.

China's crackdown on cryptocurrency mining topples bitcoin.

According to the state-run Global Times, the closure of mines in the province has ended more than 90% of the country's bitcoin mining capacity.

Bitcoin plummeted more than 10% this Monday (21/6) after China extended its crackdown on cryptocurrency mining by banning this activity in a southwestern province of the country.

Mining in China fuels almost 80% of the world trade in cryptocurrencies, despite the ban since 2017 on trading in cryptocurrencies in the country and the closure of this activity in several provinces.

Last week, authorities in Sichuan province ordered the closure of 26 mines, according to a notice posted on social media and confirmed by a former bitcoin miner.

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Bitcoin prices dropped to $32,309, after breaking a record close to $65,000 last April. This devaluation was in part due to repressive measures by Beijing.

The notice determines that the electric companies stop supplying energy to all cryptocurrency mines until Sunday (20/6). Sichuan Province is one of the largest mining bases in the country.

"They closed everything" in recent days, a former cryptocurrency miner told AFP.

"Working groups came to check (...) and make sure that we ended operations and removed the machines", he added.

According to the state-run Global Times, the closure of mines in the province has ended more than 90% of the country's bitcoin mining capacity.

China exceeds 1 billion doses of Covid-19 vaccines applied.

Country administers CoronaVac and vaccines from Sinopharm, CanSino, Anhui Zhifei and Shenzhen Kangtai pharmaceutical companies; no non-Chinese immunizers have been approved in the nation.

The National Health Commission of China announced this Sunday, 20, that the country has surpassed the mark of 1 billion applied doses of vaccines against Covid-19. According to data from the monitor Our World in Data, developed by the University of Oxford, the number reaches 1.01 billion. In this scenario, at least 223.3 million Chinese are immunized with the two doses of vaccine. The monitor also points out that 398.7 million citizens are partially vaccinated in the country. Considering proportional numbers, 16% of China's population is fully immunized, while 28% still need to complete the vaccination schedule.

Home to around 1.4 billion people, China is the second country with the most daily doses of vaccines. To give you an idea, between the 13th and 19th of June, the nation administered an average of 1.31 doses per 100 inhabitants. In the country, the definitive registrations of CoronaVac and the immunizing agents of the pharmaceutical companies Sinopharm and CanSino are approved. The vaccines developed by the Anhui Zhifei and Shenzhen Kangtai laboratories had their use approved in an emergency. So far, the nation has not approved the application of any non-Chinese vaccine.

Cuba's experimental vaccine shows 62% efficacy in tests.

Information was given a statement on state television by the director Instituto Finlay de Vacinas, Vicente Vérez.

The experimental vaccine against Sovereign 02 coronavirus, developed by the Finlay Institute of Vaccines of Cuba (IFV), showed an efficacy of 62% in the preliminary analysis of the third phase of clinical trials, reported on Saturday, 20, the scientists responsible for the research. The director of the IFV, Vicente Vérez, declared in a statement on state television that the percentage was obtained from the intermediate analysis of the results in volunteers who received two doses of Soberana 02 28 days apart. The formula, one of five being researched in Cuba, is a traditionally very safe subunit conjugate vaccine that combines the virus antigen and tetanus toxoid to stimulate the immune system's response. The result announced today was obtained by an independent interdisciplinary scientific committee, with professionals from the Pedro Kouri Institute of Tropical Medicine, the Molecular Immunology Center and the Ministry of Public Health. The result of the second scheme used in clinical trials, which consists of two doses of Soberana 02 and one dose of Soberana Plus, has yet to be published. The IFV scientists said that in the coming days they will request authorization for the emergency use of Sovereign 02 from the State Control Center for Medicines, Equipment and Medical Devices (CECMED), the regulatory body on the island.

Once approved for emergency use, Sovereign 02 would officially acquire the vaccine category and become the first against Covid-19 developed in Latin America. The third phase of clinical trials of the experimental vaccine, carried out entirely in Havana with a double-blind protocol and placebo group, included 44,010 volunteers from 19 to 80 years of age. A third phase of studies was also carried out in parallel in Iran, under an agreement with the Pasteur Institute of the Persian country, which has just announced that at the beginning of next week it could authorize its emergency use. experiencing its third and worst wave of SARS-CoV-2 virus infections since January. So far, 166,368 infections and 1,148 deaths have been reported from Covid-19.

*With information from EFE

With advances in vaccination and reduction in cases of Covid-19, Spain returns to nightlife.

Each region was responsible for defining the opening hours and measures such as the capacity in the internal and external areas and the limitation of people per table

By Young Pan 20/06/2021 12:50 pm

Alejandro García/EFE - 05/21/2021

Bars and nightclubs in various regions of Spain will have their capacity limits and opening hours extended

After a long period of severe restrictions and closed establishments, Spain will return to nightlife this Monday, 21, after months of severe restrictions. This will be possible due to the advance of vaccination in the country and the decrease in the incidence of contagion in Spanish territory. Bars and nightclubs in various regions will have expanded their capacity and opening hours. With 25,000 companies, nightlife generated 200,000 jobs and accounted for 1.8% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) before the pandemic, according to data from the national federation, Spain at Night. Part of these businesses did not survive the period of restrictions.

The Interterritorial Health Council, made up of the central government and regional executives, decided to leave the decision to reduce or increase the measures that limit the functioning in the area of ​​leisure to the territorial authorities. Among other regions, nightlife venues will reopen in Catalonia, with closing scheduled for 3:30 am (local time), as long as safety conditions are respected. In the Catalan capital, Barcelona, ​​“bottles” (illegal mass concentrations on the streets and beaches) have been proliferating for weeks. They are usually young people who get together to drink alcoholic beverages. This weekend, police dispersed more than 11,000 people who participated in the celebrations.

Information taken by https://www.correiobraziliense.com.br/