بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحْمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

In the Name of Allah—the Most Compassionate, Most Merciful.

The fifth pillar of the Muslim Faith: Belief in the last day

Every being will take the taste of death. Mankind shall continue to die, generation after generation until Allah gives His permission that this world should come to an end and all creatures on the face of the earth die. Only Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) keeps the knowledge of when the last day will come. When Allāh wills the end of the present creation, He will order the angel Isrāfeel to blow into the Horn. Thereupon, everything will perish. He will then order the angel to blow into it again, and at that, all people who ever existed will rise from their graves. Belief in the last day is to believe in everything that Allah and His Messenger have informed us in the Quran and the Sunnah; such as questioning in the grave, the punishment and bliss of the grave, the resurrection from the graves, the gathering (of the people), the standing before the Lord of all that exists, the weighing of deeds, the giving of the books in the right hand or left hand, the bridge (siraat) of the fire, and the Paradise and the Hellfire.

Allah (Mighty and Exalted be He) said:

Wherever you may be, death will overtake you, even if you should be within towers of lofty construction. But if good comes to them, they say, "This is from Allah "; and if evil befalls them, they say, "This is from you." Say, "All [things] are from Allah ." So what is [the matter] with those people that they can hardly understand any statement? [Quran 4:78]

Indeed, Allah [alone] has knowledge of the Hour and sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs. And no soul perceives what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul perceives in what land it will die. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.'' [Quran 31:34]

They ask you, [O Muhammad], about the Hour: when is its arrival? Say, "Its knowledge is only with my Lord. None will reveal its time except Him. It lays heavily upon the heavens and the earth. It will not come upon you except unexpectedly." They ask you as if you are familiar with it. Say, "Its knowledge is only with Allah, but most of the people do not know."[Quran 7:187]

And the Horn will be blown, and whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth will fall dead except whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown again, and at once they will be standing, looking on.'' [Quran 39:68]

Do they not see that Allah, who created the heavens and earth and did not fail in their creation, is able to give life to the dead? Yes. Indeed, He is over all things competent.'' [Quran 46:33]

And of His signs is that you see the earth stilled, but when We send down upon it rain, it quivers and grows. Indeed, He who has given it life is the Giver of Life to the dead. Indeed, He is over all things competent.'' [Quran 41:39]

Those who disbelieve have claimed that they will never be resurrected. Say, "Yes, by my Lord, you will surely be resurrected; then you will surely be informed of what you did. And that, for Allah, is easy."[Quran 64:7]

And We place the scales of justice for the Day of Resurrection, so no soul will be treated unjustly at all. And if there is [even] the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it forth. And sufficient are We as accountant.'' [Quran 21:47]

And thus We have revealed to you an Arabic Qur'an that you may warn the Mother of Cities [Makkah] and those around it and warn of the Day of Assembly, about which there is no doubt. A party will be in Paradise and a party in the Blaze.'' [Quran 42:7]

Belief in the last day also includes the belief in its major and minor signs.

Allah (Mighty and Exalted be He) said:

Do they [then] wait for anything except that the angels should come to them or your Lord should come or that there come some of the signs of your Lord? The Day that some of the signs of your Lord will come no soul will benefit from its faith as long as it had not believed before or had earned through its faith some good. Say, "Wait. Indeed, we [also] are waiting."[Quran 6:158]

Then do they await except that the Hour should come upon them unexpectedly? But already there have come [some of] its indications. Then what good to them, when it has come, will be their remembrance? [Quran 47:18]

The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said: ''The Hour will not come until [after] knowledge has decreased, ignorance abounds, fornication becomes widespread, intoxicants are [widely] consumed, and women are numerous and men are scarce to the extent that there will be a single provider for fifty women.'' [Reported by Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said: "The Hour will not be established (1) till two big groups fight each other whereupon there will be a great number of casualties on both sides and they will be following one and the same religious doctrine, (2) till about thirty Dajjals (liars) appear, and each one of them will claim that he is Allah's Messenger (ﷺ), (3) till the religious knowledge is taken away (by the death of Religious scholars) (4) earthquakes will increase in number (5) time will pass quickly, (6) afflictions will appear, (7) Al-Harj, (i.e., killing) will increase, (8) till wealth will be in abundance ---- so abundant that a wealthy person will worry lest nobody should accept his Zakat, and whenever he will present it to someone, that person (to whom it will be offered) will say, 'I am not in need of it, (9) till the people compete with one another in constructing high buildings, (10) till a man when passing by a grave of someone will say, 'Would that I were in his place (11) and till the sun rises from the West. So when the sun will rise and the people will see it (rising from the West) they will all believe (embrace Islam) but that will be the time when: (As Allah said,) 'No good will it do to a soul to believe then, if it believed not before, nor earned good (by deeds of righteousness) through its Faith.' (6.158) And the Hour will be established while two men spreading a garment in front of them but they will not be able to sell it, nor fold it up, and the Hour will be established when a man has milked his she-camel and has taken away the milk but he will not be able to drink it, and the Hour will be established before a man repairing a tank (for his livestock) is able to water (his animals) in it, and the Hour will be established when a person has raised a morsel (of food) to his mouth but will not be able to eat it."

The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said: ''"During the last days of my ummah, the Mahdi will appear. Allāh will send rain for him, and the earth will bring forth its produce. He will distribute wealth equally among the people, and livestock will increase. He will live for seven or eight [years]." [Reported by Al-Hakim]

On the day of resurrection, everyone will see his balance of good deeds and bad deeds; man will read his record and will not be able to deny anything therein, and whoever denies anything of his deeds, Allah will give power of speech to his ears, eyes, hands, legs, and skin, so that they testify against him.

All praises belong to Allah, the Lord of all that exists. We invoke Allah to keep us safeguarded and secured from disbelief, hypocrisy, bad manners, and polytheism. We also Invoke Allah to bestow useful knowledge upon all of us, and to guide us to righteous deeds.

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