List of Terpenes

Sep 12, 2021

This list is not exhaustive but is instead a representation of the terpenes and terpenoids which I have learned about personally. I hope it contains most of the terpenes you will encounter and offers some helpful information about them.

The 1 under each compound is a list of scents which are associated with it and the 2 is associated with therapeutic properties.

Some terpenes and terpenoids may be slightly or completely masked by other more dominant or overlapping scents.  

  1. Alpha Bisabolol

    1. woody,tangy, floral, sweet

    2. Anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial 

  2. Alpha Cedrene

    1. Fresh Cedar

    2. Anti-microbial, antifungal, anti-cancer

  3. Alpha Phellandrene 

    1. Black pepper, spice, citrus, mint

    2. Anti-depressant, expectorant, anti-cancer 

  4. Alpha Pinene

    1. Turpentine, pine, dill

    2. Asthma, bronchodilator, anti-inflammatory, aids memory

  5. Alpha Terpineol 

    1. Pine, Smoke

    2. Anti-biotic, anti-oxidant, anti-tumor, sedative, anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, anxiolytic

  6. Beta Caryophyllene 

    1. Pepper, Spicy, Earthy

    2. Epilepsy, anti-anxiety, chronic pain, muscle spasms, insomnia

  7. Beta Pinene

    1. Turpentine, Pine, Dill

    2. Bronchodilator, asthma, anti-inflammatory, aids memory

  8. Borneol

    1. Herbal, Woods

    2. Sedative, used for relaxation, antiinflammatory, antinociceptive, anticoagulant, drug potentiator

  9. Cadinene

    1. Woody

    2. Anti-viral, anti-microbial, antifungal

  10. Camphene

    1. Pungent, Musky, Earthy

    2. Pain relief, anti-oxidant

  11. Camphor

    1. Pungent

    2. Readily absorbed through skin, cooling sensation, slight local anesthetic, antimicrobial substance

  12. Caryophyllene Oxide

    1. Peppery, Spicy, Earthy

    2. Antifungal, anti-coagulant

  13. Citral

    1. Citrus, Lemony

    2. Antinociceptive, acute chronic pain

  14. Citronellol

    1. Floral

    2. Anti-microbial, antifungal, antispasmodic, anticonvulsant

  15. Delta 3 Carene

    1. Sweet, Pungent, Woods

    2. Dry out excess bodily fluids (tears, mucus); central nervous system depressant, memory retention, anti-inflammatory

  16. D Limonene

    1. Citrus

    2. Anti-depressant, GERD, assists with skin absorption of other terpenes

  17. Elemene

    1. Floral

    2. Anti-cancer

  18. Eucalyptol

    1. Minty, Earthy, Cool

    2. Antifungal, alzheimer’s, anti-inflammatory, asthma, anti-bacterial

  19. Eugenol

    1. Spicy, Clove-like

    2. Anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, antiinflammatory, anti-cancer, neuroprotective and anti-stress, anti-diabetic, hypocholesterolemic

  20. Farnesene 

    1. Woody, Citrus, Floral, Herbal

    2. Anti-inflammatory, calming, antispasmodic, anti-bacterial, antifungal, sedative properties

  21. Fenchol

    1. Floral, Piney, Woods, Lemony

    2. antibacterial properties, antimicrobial and antioxidant characteristics

  22. Gamma Terpinene

    1. Woody, Lemon/Lime, Tropical, Herbal

    2. Anti-inflammatory

  23. Geraniol

    1. Floral

    2.  Antioxidant, antifungal, antibacterial, antispasmodic, neuroprotectant

  24. Geranyl Acetate

    1.  Floral, Fruity, Sweet, Rose

    2. Anti-microbial neuropathy, repellent

  25. Humulene

    1. Hoppy, Earthy

    2. Anti-bacterial, pain relief

  26. Isoborneol

    1. Herbal, Woods

    2. Antiviral, inhibitor of herpes simplex virus type 1

  27. Linanool

    1. Floral

    2. Anti-anxiety, sedative, anticonvulsant, pain relief, anti-depressant

  28. Menthol

    1. Mint, Menthol

    2. Analgesic, topical treatment of inflammation

  29. Myrcene

    1. Hoppy, Herbal, Earthy

    2. Antiseptic, sedative, anti-bacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory

  30. Nerol

    1. Sweet, Rose, Fresh

    2. Anti-depressant, anti-anxiety, seizures, menopausal symptoms, high blood pressure, antifungal, anti-microbial, anti-oxidant

  31. Nerolidol

    1. Rose, Citrus, Woods

    2. Sedative, potent antifungal and antimalarial activity, anti-oxidant

  32. Nookatone

    1. Powerful, Grapefruit, Citrus

    2. Repellent

  33. Ocimene

    1. Sweet, Floral, Herbaceous

    2. Anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, inhibit key enzymes connected to type 2 diabetes and hypertension

  34. Para Cymene

    1. Orange, Carrot, Turpentine

    2. Anti-inflammatory, prevents acute lung injury, anti-biotic

  35. Phytol

    1. Light floral, Jasmine, Green Tea

    2. Inhibits the enzyme that degrades the neurotransmitter gaba, relaxant, prevents vitamin A teratogenesis, immunosuppressant

  36. Terpinolene

    1. Woods, Smoke, Herbal

    2. Anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, sedative 

  37. Valencene

    1. Citrus, Sweet, Herbal, Woods

    2. Anti-inflammatory

This last can be paired with information regarding terpenes in cannabis from my “Terpenes: A Deep Dive” post to underscore the variety and applications of terpenes. 

These compounds are all found in various other plants in various quantities and you may even be familiar with their scents in your daily life. You may even be familiar with their therapeutic uses like the  anti-anxiety properties of linalool, which is associated most with lavender.

I hope that you feel more familiar and that this gives you a good understanding of some fairly common terpenes and terpenoids as we continue to learn and document these compounds as there is more cannabis and more testing.

Be on the lookout for more content from yours truly!

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